from Teaching Technology Made Easy: How to Effectively Use PowerPoint
It All Away, Rachel Saury, ASCIT, 2004.
Consider about the Information:
a consistent slide layout and design for the slide's particular purpose.
For instance, the following categories would be common:
with key bulleted information in keyword format
with images which underscore or illustrate specific points
with key questions
with quotes from other sources which drive home important ideas
with data (statistics, lists of events or examples, test results,
text to key words and phrases. Use your voice to add the words that
are not on the slide itself. Have more detailed notes on separate paper
if needed for your own use.
- Make sure
syntax is parallel between bulleted points.
- Use images
whenever possible; use the power of metaphor and symbol in images to
emphasize key concepts and points.
- Use graphs
and diagrams whenever possible to illustrate points.
- Repeat images/phrases
throughout the talk to spiral back into and integrate old material with
new material without having to verbally or textually reiterate it.
- Avoid information
overload from presenting too many slides too fast. The rule of thumb
is one slide per 1-2 minutes.
a concise overview and summary slide.
Consider about the Appearance:
- Keep your
background simple and uncluttered so that focus is on the content, not
on the design. Typically a black or white background is the most effective
and easiest to read.
- Keep slides
simple in layout and design—do not put too much information on one slide.
If you need to visually illustrate a lot of information, present it
over several different slides.
- Only use
color for specific purposes (indicating the title, highlighting important
points, etc.) rather than to "jazz up" the presentation. (Note:
Stick to primary colors; light colors such as yellow are hard to read.
Avoid a lot of red as many people, particular males, are red/green colorblind.)
- Choose a
simple font (san serif fonts [no finishing lines on the letters], such
as Helvetica and Arial, are easiest to read) which is 18point or larger.
Use bold face, italics, etc. for emphasis.
each slide carefully. After all, it be will up for everyone to critique
for a long time.
- Keep the
slide transitions simple and consistent; do not "layer" slides
unless it aids comprehension of the material.
- Do not pre-time slide transitions—everyone speaks slower when live.
- Most of
all, be consistent and pay attention to the details—your audience will!
For example, make sure all of the titles (and subtitles) are the same
size/color and in the same general location.